The CCC System version 2.5 references listed below are used as the background citations for the CCC System’s documentation of clinical nursing practice and/or plans of care (POCs) following the Nursing Process for Professional Nursing Practice (ANA, 2015). A complete bibliography of the CCC System version 2.5 can also be downloaded here.

  • American Nurses Association (2014) Nursing Informatics: Scope and Standards of Practice, 2nd Edition. Silver Spring, MD: ANA Publishing.
  • American Nurses Association (2015) Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice, 3rd Edition. Silver Spring, MD: ANA Publishing.
  • Dykes, P.c., Wantland, D., Whittenburg, L., Lipsitz, S., and Saba, V.K. (2013). A pilot study to explore the feasibility of using the Clinical Care Classification System for developing a reliable costing method for nursing services. AMIA Annual 2013 Symposium Proceedings. (pp. 364-371). Washington, DC: CD. (View in PubMed)
  • Cimino, J.J. (1998) Desiderata for controlled medical vocabularies in the twenty-first century. Methods of Information in Medicine. 37 (4-5), 394-403.
  • Englebright, J., Aldrich, K., and Taylor, C.R. (2014). Defining and incorporating basic nursing care actions into the electronic health record. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 46 (1), 50-57. (Special Issue on Basic Nursing Care).
  • Feeg, V.D. (2014, Dec. 12). Leadership Interviews: Archive for December 2014: “3Questions”: Virginia Saba Wins Award at the 2014 FNLM: NI Awards Ceremony. Nursing Outlook Blog.
  • Feeg, V.D., Saba, V.K., and Feeg, A. (2008). Development and testing of a bedside personal computer (PC): Clinical Care Classification System for nursing students using Microsoft Access. Computers in Nursing, 26 (6), 339-349.
  • Holzemer, W. L., Henry, S.B., Dawson, C., Sousa, K., and Hsieh, S.F. (1997). An evaluation of the utility of Home Health Care Classification for categorizing patient problems and nursing interventions from the hospital setting. Studies in Health Technology & Informatics, 46, 21-61.
  • Mannino, J.E. and Feeg, V.D. (2011). Field testing a PC electronic documentation system using the Clinical Care Classification System with nursing students. Journal of Healthcare Engineering. 2(2), 223-240.
  • Moss, J., Damrongsak, M., and Gallichio, K. (2005). Representing critical care data using the Clinical Care Classification. In C.P. Friedman, J. Ash, and P. Tracy-Hornoch (Eds). American Medical Informatics Association 2005 Proceedings: CD-ROM (pp.545-549). Washington, DC: OmniPress, Omi Pro CD.
  • Saba, V.K. (2016). Clinical Care Classification of Nursing. Retrieved Aug. 15, 2016, from
  • Saba, V.K. (2012). Clinical Care Classification (CCC) System, Version 2.5: User’s Guide. New York City, NY: Springer Publishing.
  • Saba, V.K., Moss, K., and Whittenburg, L.A. (2011). Overview of the Clinical Care Classification: A National Nursing Standard. In V.K. Saba and K.A. McCormick (Eds). Essentials of Nursing Informatics, 5th edition (pp.217-229). New York City, NY: McGraw-Hill Publishing.
  • Saba, V.K. and Taylor, S.L. (2007). Moving past theory: Use of a standardized coded nursing terminology to enhance nursing visibility. Computers in Nursing, 25 (6), 324-331.
  • Saba, V.K. and Whittenburg, L.A. (2015). Appendix A: An Overview of the Clinical Care Classification System. In V.K. Saba and K. A. McCormick (Eds). Essentials of Nursing Informatics, 6th edition, (pp. 833-853). New York City, NY: McGraw-Hill Publishing.
  • Whittenburg, L. and Saba, V.K. (2015). Foundation of a nursing plan of care standard. In V.K. Saba and K. A. McCormick. Essentials of Nursing Informatics, 6th Edition (pp.385-400). New York: NY: McGraw-Hill Publishing.

World Health Organization. (1992). ICD-10: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: Vol.1. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.